Saturday, 11 August 2012

Perro


Today's WOTD is: "perro" = dog

The Spanish word "perro" is mainly a masculine noun of unclear origin (maybe Pre-Roman or even onomatopoeic) which means dog. The feminine form of this noun is “perra” means bitch.

A pack of hounds in Spanish is a “jauría”.

In Spanish, “perro”/ “perra” could also be a describing word/ adjective, which means rotten or lousy (often used to describe life/ luck) and nasty (person).

Some commonly used expressions containing the words "perro" are:
  • A espetaperro (suddenly/ in a hurry);
  • A espetaperros (suddenly/ in a hurry);
  • A espeta perros (suddenly/ in a hurry);
  • Amores perros (original title of the Mexican film – title translated into English as “Life is a bitch”);
  • ¡A otro perro con ese hueso! (pull the other one!/ go tell it to the marines!);
  • A perro flaco todo son pulgas (it never rains but it pours);
  • Atar perros con longanizas (to have money to burn/ to be in the land of plenty);
  • Como perro con cencerro (in shame);
  • Como perro con cuerno (in shame);
  • Como perro con maza (in shame);
  • Como perro con vejiga (in shame);
  • Cuidado con el perro (beware of the dog);
  • De perro (foul);
  • De perros (foul);
  • Echar los perros a alguien (to tell someone off);
  • Estar como los perros en misa (to be not belonging/ out of natural environment);
  • Hinchar el perro (to blow things out of all proportion/ to create a story about nothing);
  • Irle a alguien como a los perros en misa (to be going through a bad time);
  • Los mismos perros con diferentes collares (nothing substantial has changed/ the same old story);
  • Los mismos perros con distintos collares (nothing has changed/ the same old story);
  • Llevarse como el perro y el gato (to fight like cat and dog);
  • Morir alguien como un perro (to die abandoned and alone);
  • No querer perro con cencerro (wanting to avoid things which are more trouble than they are worth);
  • No tener ni perro que te ladre (to be really alone in the world/ lonely);
  • Perra chica (colloquial name for an old 5 cents of a peseta coin);
  • Perra gorda ( colloquial name for an old 10 cents of a peseta coin);
  • Perro afgano (Afghan hound);
  • Perrito* caliente (hot dog);
  • Perro caliente (hot dog);
  • Perro callejero (stray dog);
  • Perro caniche (poodle);
  • (Perro) chihuahua (Chihuahua breed dog);
  • Perro chino (Chinese breed of hairless dog);
  • Perro cobrador (retriever);
  • Perro dálmata (dalmatian);
  • Perro danés (Great Dane/ Danish hound);
  • Perro de agua (coypu);
  • Perro de aguas (water dog/ spaniel);
  • Perro de casta (pure bred/ pedigree dog);
  • Perro de caza (hunting dog/ gun dog);
  • Perro de ciego (guide dog);
  • Perro de compañía (pet dog);
  • Perro de lanas (poodle);
  • Perro de presa (bulldog);
  • Perro de raza (pure bred/ pedigree dog);
  • Perro San Bernardo (St. Bernard);
  • Perro de Terranova (Newfoundland hound);
  • Perro de trineo (husky);
  • Perro dogo (bulldog);
  • Perro esquimal (husky);
  • Perro faldero (poodle/ lapdog);
  • (Perro) galgo (greyhound);
  • Perro guardián (guard dog);
  • Perro guía (guide dog);
  • Perro guión (lead dog in a pack of hounds);
  • Perro ladrador poco mordedor (his/ her bark is worse than his/ her bite);
  • Perro lazarillo (guide dog);
  • (Perro) lebrel (hound/ whippet);
  • (Perro) lebrero (hound);
  • Perro lobo (wolf hound);
  • Perro lucharniego (dog/ hound trained for night hunting);
  • Perro lulú (Pomeranian/ dwarf Spitz dog);
  • (Perro) mastín (mastiff);
  • Perro mapache (raccoon dog);
  • Perro marino (dog fish);
  • Perro no come perro (there is a code of honour amongst thieves)**;
  • Perro pastor (sheepdog);
  • Perro pequinés (pekinese dog;)
  • Perro perdiguero (partridge hunting dog);
  • (Perro) podenco (hound);
  • Perro policía (police dog/ German shepherd/ Alsatian);
  • Perro raposero (fox houd);
  • Perro rastreador (tracking dog);
  • Perro rastrero (tracking dog);
  • (Perro) sabueso (bloodhound);
  • Perro salchicha (sausage dog/ dachshound);
  • Perro vagabundo (stray dog);
  • Perro viejo (old dog);
  • Perro zorrero (fox houd);
  • Quedarse como perro perdiguero (to remain motionless);
  • Ser como el perro del hortelano (ni come ni deja comer al amo) (to be like a dog in a manger);
  • Tratar a alguien como un perro (to treat someone like dirt);

*NB Pleaso note that “perrito” is the diminutive little dog.
**NB Please do not confuse with the English expression “dog eat dog”

Some examples of the use of the word "perro" are:
  • Tuvimos que salir a espetaperro (we had to leave in a hurry);
  • Tuvimos que salir a espetaperros (we had to leave in a hurry);
  • Tuvimos que salir a espeta perros (we had to leave in a hurry);
  • La jauría para la caza del zorro es típicamente inglesa (pack of hounds for fox hunting is typically English);
  • Pedro se cree que aquí se atan los perros con longanizas (Pedro beliIves we live in the land of plenty);
  • Me fui como perro con cencerro (I went away in shame);
  • Me fui como perro con cuerno (I went away in shame);
  • Me fui como perro con maza (I went away in shame);
  • Me fui como perro con vejiga (I went away in shame);
  • Llevo un día de perros ( I am having a foul day);
  • Me echaron los perros (I have been given a right telling off);
  • Aquí estamos como los perros en misa (we are feeling we don't belong here);
  • Aquí nos va como a los perros en misa (we are feeling we don't belong here);
  • Algunos periodistas se pasan la vida hinchando el perro (some journalists are forever making up news);
  • Hoy en día nos encontarmos con los mismos perros con diferentes collares (nowadays we find the same old story/ the same old things);
  • Hoy en día nos encontarmos con los mismos perros con distintos collares (nowadays we find the same old story/ the same old things);
  • Antonio y David se llevan como el perro y el gato (Antonio and David fight like cat and dog);
  • A Manolo lo dejaron morir como un perro (Manolo was left to die alone and abandoned/ like a dog);
  • Nadie quiere perro con cencerro (nobody wants something which is more trouble than is worth);
  • Simón no tiene ni perro que le ladre (Simón is really alone in the world/ lonely);
  • Eso no vale una perra chica (that is worth next to nothing);
  • Eso no vale una perra gorda (that is worth next to nothing);
  • Me quedé como perro perdiguero (I 'froze'/ was left motionless);
  • Ese tipo es como el perro del hortelano (ni come ni deja comer al amo) (that guy is like a dog in a manger);
  • A Ramón lo trataron como un perro (Ramón was treated like dirt);

Love-Spanish.com loves the word "perro" in the YouTube clip: ¿Con quién se queda el perro? Jesse & Joy(lyric)

For more on the word "perro", visit: Wordreference.com/es/en/ Perro

*NB 'Click' on the speaker icon next to the word “perro” in the link to hear the word pronounced.

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