Friday, 25 April 2014

Do You Have A Cough?


This post deals with a typical use of the verb tener*.


Imagine you are in the doctor's surgery. Whilst examining you, the doctor says: "do you have a cough?"

In Spanish, the doctor could choose to be less formal and say:
¿Tienes tos?

Alternatively, he/ she could choose to be more formal and say:
¿Tiene usted tos?


A straightforward yes/ no answer could be sufficient. But if you wanted to be more informative you could say:

  • Sí, tengo tos (yes, I have a cough);
  • Sí, tengo un poco de tos (yes, I have a little cough);
  • Sí, tengo mucha tos (yes, I cough a lot);
  • No, no tengo tos (no, I don't have a cough);

Now you should practise answering the question:
¿Tienes tos?

*See uses of verb tener below

*Verb Tener - Typical Uses/ Expressions

Tener calor
To feel hot
Tener celos
To feel jealousy/ to be jealous
Tener cuidado
To be careful
Tener dolor
To feel pain/ to have an ache
Tener envidia
To feel envy/ to be envious
Tener fiebre
To be feverish
Tener frío
To feel cold
Tener ganas de algo
To look forward to something
Tener hambre
To feel hungry
Tener la culpa
To be at fault
Tener miedo
To feel afraid
Tener pensado
To have in mind
Tener prisa
To be in hurry
Tener sed
To feel thirsty
Tener sueño
To feel sleepy
Tener suerte
To be lucky
Tener tos
To have a cough
Tener xx* años/ meses/ etc.
To be xx years/ months/ etc. old
Tenerle rabia a alguien
To have it in for someone

*NB Express ages by conjugating tener and replacing xx with a number. For example, I am 18 years old = tengo 18 años.

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