Monday, 12 November 2012

Medio


Today's WOTD is: "medio" = middle

1. In Spanish, “medio” is a masculine noun of Latin origin which means middle.


2. The plural form of the noun, “medios” is commonly used to refer to:
  • Means/ resources (see expressions and examples below);
  • Sphere/ field/ circles (see expressions and examples below);

3. The Spanish word “medio”may also be used in sports, especially in football/ soccer, to refer to a midfield player.


4. In Spanish, “medio” may also be used as a masculine describing word/ adjective, with “media”* being its feminine form. The main meaning of medio”/ “media is half.


5. Some expressions with the words “medio”/ “media” are:
  • A media mañana (in mid morning);
  • A media tarde (in mid afternoon);
  • A medianoche (at midnight);
  • A medias ('fifty-fifty');
  • A medias (half done... or perfunctorily completed);
  • A medio camino (half way there);
  • A medio plazo (in the medium term);
  • A medio hacer* (half done);
  • Ciudadano medio** (average citizen/ person);
  • Clase media (middle class);
  • Corto de medios (short on resources/ money/ etc.);
  • Dar(se) media vuelta (to turn on one's heels);
  • De por medio (in the middle/ in the way);
  • En medio de (in the middle of);
  • En medios (in the sphere of/ in the field of);
  • Hora y media (an hour and a half);
  • Media águila (gold Mexican coin);
  • Media hora (half an hour);
  • Media luna (half moon/ crescent);
  • Media Luna Roja (Red Crescent);
  • Media manzana (half an apple);
  • Media naranja (half an orange... but Mr Right/ ideal woman);
  • Medianoche (midnight);
  • Media pensión (half board);
  • Media vuelta (about-turn/ about-face);
  • Medio ambiente (the environment);
  • Medio campo (midfield);
  • Medio de comunicación (a media channel- newspaper/ radio/ TV station);
  • Medio fondo (middle distance/ middle distance runner);
  • Medio hecho* (half done);
  • Medio kilo (half a kilo);
  • Medio litro (half a litre);
  • Medio mundo*** (lots of people/ almost everybody);
  • Medios de comunicación (the media);
  • Por medio de (by means of/ through);
  • Quitar de en medio (to remove... usually an obstacle);
  • Quitarse de en medio (to move out of the way);
  • Temperatura media (average temperature);
  • Y media (half past the hour- in time expressions)
*NB This expression is also often used with the verb “hacer” being replaced by other verbs. for example, “vestir”.
**NB This expression is also often used with the word “ciudadano” being replaced by the name of a specific nationality/ etc. for example, “el español medio”, the average Spaniard.
***NB This expression is also often used with the word “mundo” being replaced by the name of a specific country/ region/ city/ etc., for example, “medio Madrid”.


6 .Some examples of the use of the word "medio" are:
  • Salimos de casa a media mañana (we left the house in mid morning);
  • Salimos de casa a media tarde (we left the house in mid afternoon);
  • Salimos de casa a medianoche (we left the house at midnight);
  • ¿Vamos a medias? (shall we go 'fifty-fifty'?);
  • Los deberes han quedado a medias (the homework is half done);
  • Nos quedamos a medio camino (we stopped half way there);
  • A medio plazo, la solución es fácil (there is an easy medium term solution);
  • Estoy a medio vestir (I am half naked/ half dressed);
  • Estoy medio vestido (I am half naked/ half dressed)
  • El ciudadano medio se interesa por la seguridad (the average citizen is concerned about security);
  • Esa es una familia de clase media (that is a middle class family);
  • Nos encontramos muy cortos de medios (we are very low on funds/ short of money);
  • Pedro se dio media vuelta y se fue (Pedro turned on his heels and left);
  • No podemos hacerlo, tenemos muchos problemas de por medio (we can't do it, we have lots of problems in the/ our way);
  • Estamos en medio de la calle (we are in the middle of the road);
  • En medios políticos se habla mucho de ese tema (that is the topic of conversation in political circles/ the sphere of politics/ the field of politics);
  • Tenemos previsto llegar dentro de hora y media (we expect to arrive in one and a half hours time);
  • Tenemos previsto llegar dentro de media hora (we expect to arrive in half an hour);
  • Algunos paises usan la media luna como símbolo en sus banderas (the crescent moon is used as a symbol in some countries' flags);
  • El Movimiento de la Cruz Roja y la Media Luna Roja realiza una labor humanitaria (the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement performs humanitarian duities);
  • Sólo pude comerme media manzana (I could only eat half an apple);
  • Ann ha encontrado su media naranja (Ann has found her Mr. Right);
  • Estamos alojados en régimen de media pensión (we are staying on a half board package);
  • ¡Media vuelta, ar*! (about-turn!/ about-face!- military commands);
  • Debemos cuidar el medio ambiente (we ought to look after the environment);
  • Ese es un buen jugador de medio campo (that is a good midfield player);
  • El presidente concedió una entrevista a un medio de comunicación español (the president gave an interview to a Spanish paper/ TV channel/ etc.);
  • Todos los medios de comunicación se hicieron eco de esa noticia (that news item appeared in al the media);
  • El rey del medio fondo dice adios al atletismo (the king of middledistance running says goodbye to athletics);
  • Medio kilo de azúcar (half a kilo of sugar);
  • Medio litro de leche (half a kilo of milk);
  • Eso lo sabe medio mundo (almost everybody knows that);
  • Lo conseguimos por medio de un amigo (we got it through a friend);
  • Hay que quitar las sillas de en medio (the chairs need to be moved out of the way);
  • Me quito de en medio para no molestar (I move out of the way in order not to disturb);
  • Veinticinco grados es la temperatura media (25 degrees is the average temperature);
  • Es la una y media (it is half past one);
  • Son las cuatro y media (it is half past four);
  • ¿Quedamos a la una y media? (shall we meet at half past one);
  • ¿Quedamos a las cuatro y media? (shall we meet at half past four);
*NB In some parts, the command in Spanish is: “¡Media vuelta, ya!

Love-Spanish.com loves the word "medio" in the YouTube clip: Medios de comunicación masivos

For more on the word "medio", visit: Wordreference.com/es/ Medio

*NB 'Click' on the speaker icon next to the word “medio” in the link to hear the word pronounced.

This is another Free online Spanish lesson from Love-Spanish.com. We conduct Spanish lessons online on a wide range of topics using the latest video conferencing facilities. Online lessons are the ideal way to improve listening and speaking skills. For more details on our lessons online and how to book them, please visit:

For more Free Spanish:
Follow us on:
© Copyright 2012 Love-Spanish.com. by Jose M González. All Rights Reserved.
Post a Comment