Tuesday, 5 May 2015

Is Anybody Hungry?

Introduction


This post deals with a typical use of the verb tener*.





SCENARIO



Imagine you are with a couple of relatives, friends or work colleagues.

It may be time for a break and a snack, when someone says: "is anybody hungry?"

In Spanish, the other person could say:
¿Alguien tiene hambre?


OUR TIP

Answering this question should be straightforward. Naming someone who is hungry may be sufficient. However, you may use the expression tener hambre to make your answer more informative.


Here are some examples of how you could use that expression:
  • Yo tengo hambre (I am hungry);
  • Yo no tengo hambre (I am not hungry);
  • tienes hambre, ¿verdad? (you are hungry, aren't you -familiar);
  • Tú no tienes hambre, ¿verdad? (you are not hungry, are you -familiar);
  • Usted tiene hambre, ¿verdad? (you are hungry, aren't you -formal);
  • Usted no tiene hambre, ¿verdad? (you are not hungry, are you -formal);
  • Pedro tiene hambre (Pedro is hungry);
  • Pedro no tiene hambre (Pedro is not hungry);
  • María tiene hambre (Maria is hungry);
  • Creo1 que todos tenemos hambre (I think that we are all hungry);
  • Vosotros tenéis hambre, ¿verdad? (you are hungry, aren't you -people/ plural familiar);
  • Vosotros no tenéis hambre, ¿verdad? (you are not hungry, are you -people/ plural familiar);
  • Ustedes tienen hambre, ¿verdad? (you are hungry, aren't you -people/ plural formal);
  • Ustedes no tienen hambre, ¿verdad? (you are not hungry, are you -people/ plural formal);
  • Pedro y María tienen hambre (Pedro and Maria are hungry);


Notes:
1.- Please note that subjunctive mood should be used with the negative “no creo”, as in:
  • No creo que todos tengamos hambre (I don't believe we are all hungry)


Now you should practise answering the question:
¿Alguien tiene hambre?

*See uses of verb tener below

*Verb Tener - Typical Uses/ Expressions

Tener calor To feel hot
Tener celos To feel jealousy/ to be jealous
Tener cuidado To be careful
Tener dolor To feel pain/ to have an ache
Tener envidia To feel envy/ to be envious
Tener fiebre To be feverish
Tener frío To feel cold
Tener ganas de algo To look forward to something
Tener hambre To feel hungry
Tener la culpa To be at fault
Tener miedo To feel afraid
Tener pensado To have in mind
Tener prisa To be in hurry
Tener sed To feel thirsty
Tener sueño To feel sleepy
Tener suerte To be lucky
Tener tos To have a cough
Tener xx* años/ meses/ etc. To be xx years/ months/ etc. old
Tenerle rabia a alguien To have it in for someone

*NB Express ages by conjugating tener and replacing xx with a number. For example, I am 18 years old = tengo 18 años.

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