Friday, 4 March 2016

Luz

Today's word is: Luz
Clase: sustantivo (noun)
Género: femenino (feminine)
Origen: latín (Latin)

In Spanish, “luz”* is a feminine noun of Latin origin which means light. A typical example of the use of the word “luz” is:
  • Hágase la luz (let there be light)
  • Apaga la luz (turn the light off)


The noun “luz” is often used to refer to electrical power or electricity. A typical example of the use of the word “luz” is:
  • Nos hemos quedado sin luz (we have lost electrical power/ electricity)


The action word/ verb “lucir” is a related word meaning to shine, to exhibit or to wear. A typical example of the use of the word “lucir” is:
  • Ana lucía pendientes de oro (Ana was wearing gold ear rings)


Spanish expressions with the word “luz” are:
  • Año luz (light year)
    • Estamos a años luz de nuestra meta (we are light years away from our goal/ target)
  • A media luz (in dim light/ lights dimmed)
    • Cenamos a media luz y con música suave de fondo (we had dinner with lights dimmed and a soft background music)
  • A plena luz del día (in broad daylight)
    • Entran a robar en una casa a plena luz del día
  • A primera luz (at first light/ dawn/ daybreak)
    • Saldremos a primera luz (we'll leave at first light)
  • A todas luces (clearly/ obviously/ evidently)
    • Lo que dices es a todas luces incorrecto (what you are saying is clearly/ undisputedly wrong)
  • Bajo la luz de la luna (in the moonlight)
    • Caminamos bajo la luz de la luna (we walked by moonlight)
  • Bajo la luz de las estrellas (by starlight)
    • Caminamos bajo la luz de las estrellas (we walked by starlight)
  • Baño de luz (highlights -hair treatment)
  • Bichito de luz (glow worm/ firefly/ lightning bug)
  • Bicho de luz (glow worm/ firefly/ lightning bug)
  • Cono de luz (light cone)
  • Con luz y taquígrafos (openly/ with total transparency/ not hiding anything)
    • Gobernar con luz y taquígrafos (to govern with total transparency)
  • Con luces y taquígrafos (openly/ with total transparency/ not hiding anything)
    • Gobernar con luces y taquígrafos (to govern with total transparency)
  • Crespa de luz (light beam)
  • Dar a luz (to give birth)
    • Ana dio a luz ayer (Ana gave birth yesterday)
  • Dar luces (to flash the lights)
    • El vehículo que nos seguía comenzó a darnos luces (the vehicle behind me started flashing his lights at us)
  • Dar luz (to give/ to emit light/ to let light through)
    • Esa bombilla apenas da luz (that bulb hardly gives any light)
    • Esa ventana da mucha luz (that window lets in lots of light)
  • Dar luz verde (to give the go ahead)
    • Por fin han dado luz verde a ese proyecto (at last they have given the go ahead to that project)
  • Entre dos luces (at dawn/ at dusk)
  • Estar entre dos luces (to be a bit drunk -colloquially)
  • Fuente de luz (light source)
  • Fuente primaria de luz (primary light source)
  • Fuente secundaria de luz (secondary light source)
  • Gusano de luz (glow worm/ firefly/ lightning bug)
  • Haz de luz (light beam/ beam of light)
  • Irse la luz (to have a power outage/ the lights go out)
    • Ayer se nos fue la luz (yesterday we had a power outage/ the lights went out)
  • Luz blanca (white light)
  • Luz corta (dipped beam -vehicle)
  • Luz de Bengala (Bengal light/ flare)
  • Luz de carretera (full beam -vehicle)
  • Luz de cruce (dipped beam -vehicle)
  • Luz de freno (brake lights -vehicle)
  • Luz directa (direct light)
  • Luz dura (hard light)
  • Luz larga (full beam -vehicle)
  • Luz mala (fatuous fire/ Will o' the Wisp)
  • Luz natural (natural light/ sunlight)
  • Luz negra (black light/ ultraviolet light -UVA)
  • Luz primaria (light from a primary light source)
  • Luz refleja (light from a secondary light source)
  • Luz secundaria (light from a secondary light source)
  • Luz solar (sunlight)
  • Luz suave (soft light)
  • Luz ultravioleta (ultraviolet light)
  • Luz verde (green light)
  • Luces cortas (dipped beam -vehicle)
  • Luces de avería (hazard warning lights -vehicle)
  • Luces de emergencia (hazard warning lights -vehicle)
  • Luces de carretera (full beam -vehicle)
  • Luces de cruce (dipped beam -vehicle)
  • Luces de freno (brake lights -vehicle)
  • Luces largas (full beam -vehicle)
  • Mesa de luz (bedside table)
  • Poste de luz (lamp post)
  • Rayo de luz (ray of light)
  • Sacar a luz (to give birth/ to publish/ to make public a work)
    • Ese autor sacó a luz su primera obra hace ya casi 20 años (that author published his first work more that 20 years ago)
  • Sacar a la luz (to give birth/ to publish/ to make public a work)
    • Ese autor sacó a la luz su primera obra hace ya casi 20 años (that author published his first work more that 20 years ago)
  • Traje de luces (suit/ costume worn by matadors & bullfighting teams/ crew)
  • Tubo de luz (light tube)
  • Tubo de luz fría (fluorescent light tube -Cuba)
  • Velocidad de la luz (speed of light)
  • Ver la luz (to see the light/ to be born/ to be published)
    • La primera obra de ese autor vio la luz hace ya casi 20 años (that author's first work was published more that 20 years ago)


Notes


*The plural of “luz” → “luces”. See more on the plural of nouns ending in -z .





Love-Spanish.com loves the word "luz" in the YouTube clip: Julio Iglesias - A Media Luz


For more on the word "luz", visit: Wordreference.com/es/en Luz

*NB 'Click' on the speaker icon next to the wordluz”in the link to hear the word pronounced.

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