Tuesday, 21 July 2015

Metro

Today's word is: "metro" = metre


In Spanish, “metro” is a masculine noun of Greek origin, which means metre/ meter and used as in:
  • Tres metros de cuerda (three metres/ meters of rope)





The word “metro” is combined with standard prefixes to form units of length. Common units of length thus formed are:

Spanish
English
Symbol
Length
milímetro
millimetre/ millimeter
mm
1/1000m
centímetro
centimetre/ centimeter
cm
1/100m
decímetro
decimetre/ decimeter
dm
1/10m
decámetro
decametre/ decameter
dekametre/ dekameter
dam/ Dm/ dkm
10m
hectómetro
hectometre/ hectometer
hm
100m
kilómetro
kilometre/ kilometer
km
1000m



The word “metro” is also a shortening of “metropolitano”, also a masculine noun meaning underground or subway, and used as in:
  • El metro es cómodo y rápido (the underground/ subway is comfortable and fast)


The describing word/ adjective “métrico” is a related word which means metric, and is used as in:
  • El Sistema Métrico Decimal (the Metric System or International System of Units -SI)
  • Cinta métrica (measuring tape)


Some Spanish expressions with the word “metro” are:
  • Billete de metro (metro/ subway ticket/ fare)
  • Boca de(l) metro (metro/ subway entrance)
  • Línea de metro (metro/ subway line)
  • Metro cuadrado (square metre/ meter)
    • Un piso de 90 metros cuadrados (a 90 square metres/ meters flat)
    • Precio del metro cuadrado* (price per square metre/ meter)
  • Metro cúbico (cubic metre)
    • Dos metros cúbicos de agua (two cubic metres/ meters of water)
  • Metro lineal (linear metre/ meter)
    • Precio por metro lineal (linear metre/ meter price)


Notes


*Commonly used unit of price/ value of property






Love-Spanish.com loves the word "metro" in the YouTube clip: Café Tacuba - El Metro

For more on the word "metro", visit: Wordreference.com/es/en/ Metro

*NB 'Click' on the speaker icon next to the word metro”in the link to hear the word pronounced.

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