Thursday, 13 April 2017

Tell Me, Who Made The Beds Yesterday?

Introduction
Verbo: Hacer
Tipo: irregular
Modo: indicativo (indicative)
Tiempo: pretérito indefinido (simple past)

This post is about verb conjugation -the simple past tense, indicative mood of irregular verb hacer.


SCENARIO

Imagine you are talking to a relative, a friend or a colleague. You are sharing accommodation with others and take turns at doing daily chores. The other person wants to know who made the beds and says to you: "tell me, who made the beds yesterday?"

In Spanish, the other person could choose to be less formal and say:
Dime, ¿quién hizo las camas ayer?

On the other hand, he/ she could choose to be more formal and say:
Dígame, ¿quién hizo las camas ayer?


OUR TIP

Making a sentence which answers that question should be straightforward, but remember:
  • Make sure that you conjugate your verb correctly
  • Choose between formal or familiar options to suit the occasion -see examples below.

Typical answers could be:
  • Yo hice* las camas ayer (I made the beds yesterday)
  • hiciste* las camas ayer, ¿no? (you -familiar made the beds yesterday, didn't you?)
  • Usted hizo* las camas ayer, ¿no? (you -formal made the beds yesterday, didn't you?)
  • Pedro hizo* las camas ayer (Pedro made the beds yesterday)
  • María hizo* las camas ayer (Maria made the beds yesterday)
  • Pedro y yo hicimos* las camas ayer (Pedro and I made the beds yesterday)
  • Tú y Pedro hicisteis* las camas ayer, ¿no? (you -informal and Pedro made the beds yesterday, didn't you?)
  • Usted y Pedro hicieron* las camas ayer, ¿no? (you -formal and Pedro made the beds yesterday, didn't you?)
  • Pedro y María hicieron* las camas ayer (Pedro and Maria made the beds yesterday)

Now you should practise replying to someone who says to you:
Dime, ¿quién hizo las camas ayer?

*Please see grammar topic below, Verbs

Verbs
A verb is a 'doing' word which conveys:
  • What action takes place in a sentence
  • Who does that action
  • When that action occurs.
In addition, the verb may also convey the mood or feelings of the speaker toward the action which takes place. The verb may, for example, indicate whether the speaker is stating a fact, expressing a wish or indeed giving an order.


Irregular Verbs
Verb: hacer
The Spanish verb hacer is irregular* in some tenses, as shown in the table below:
Tense
Mood
Regular
Irregular
Present
Indicative

Imperfect
Indicative

Preterite
Indicative

Future
Indicative

Conditional
Indicative

Perfect
Indicative

Pluperfect
Indicative

Future Perfect
Indicative

Conditional Perfect
Indicative

Present
Subjunctive

Imperfect
Subjunctive

Perfect
Subjunctive

Pluperfect
Subjunctive


* NB:
  • Conjugate tenses in the regular column the same as other regular verbs ending in -er
  • The simple past tense conjugation/ subjunctive mood is shown below

Indicative Mood/ Simple Past Tense - Conjugation
    Verb: hacer
Subject
HACER
(TO DO/ TO MAKE)
I
Yo
HICE
You
HICISTE
You
Usted*

HIZO
He
Él
She
Ella
We
Nosotros
HICIMOS
You
Vosotros**
HICISTEIS
You
Ustedes***
HICIERON
They
Ellos
They
Ellas
*NB More courteous/ polite form of 'you'
**NB 'You' plural
*** NB More courteous/ polite form of 'you' plural

Verb Conjugation Notes
It is worth remembering once more that in its basic form (infinitive), a Spanish verb is just a general 'doing' word. In that form, a verb simply indicates an action and nothing else. If we want a verb to be more specific about the action in a sentence, we need to conjugate it. It is only when conjugated that the verb indicates:
  • Who does the action
  • When the action takes place
  • The mood/ attitude of the speaker towards the action

The conjugation tables above refer to using conjugation to establish who does the action. What follows below are some notes on establishing when the action takes place and the mood/ attitude of the speaker towards the action.

Subjunctive Mood
The use of subjunctive mood is disappearing English. Nowadays is often viewed as an old and unfashionable form of the language.

In contrast, the use of subjunctive mood is very much alive and in everyday use in Spanish. This widespread use of subjunctive mood tends to be the bane of many a learner of Spanish from the English speaking world.

The concept of subjunctive mood is perhaps best illustrated by contrasting its use against the use of indicative mood with examples in English. The following are a couple of examples which should serve that purpose:
  • Indicative mood (“Peter eats an apple”).- Indicative mood is commonly used to make statements of facts or positive beliefs such as this one. As can be seen in the sample sentence (in quotes above), the speaker makes a clear and unambiguous statement of a fact (Peter eats an apple).
  • Subjunctive mood (“Peter would eat an apple if he were hungry”).- In contrast with indicative mood, subjunctive mood is commonly used to make statements indicating hypothetical or non-fact actions. As can be seen in the sample sentence (in quotes), in this case the speaker sees the action of eating an apple as something hypothetical, something which may or may not happen (Peter would eat an apple... if he were hungry).
Verb Tenses
Verb tenses relate to setting the time period (when) during which the action of the verb takes place. Basic times (periods) for Spanish verb actions are:
  • The past (before now)
  • The present (now)
  • The future (after now)
Each Spanish verb tense corresponds to one of those basic time periods. In other words choosing a verb tense places the action of the verb in one of those basic periods and determines when the action takes place.


Now you should practise the use of the simple past tense of the irregular verb hacer with some examples of your own.

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© Copyright 2017 Love-Spanish.com by Jose M González. All Rights Reserved.

Monday, 10 April 2017

Tell Me, Who Makes The Beds Today?

Introduction
Verbo: Hacer
Tipo: irregular
Modo: indicativo (indicative)
Tiempo: presente (present)

This post is about verb conjugation -the present tense, indicative mood of irregular verb hacer.


SCENARIO

Imagine you are talking to a relative, a friend or a colleague. You are sharing accommodation with others and take turns a doing daily chores. The other person wants to know whose turn it is to make the beds and says to you: "tell me, who makes the beds today?"

In Spanish, the other person could choose to be less formal and say:
Dime, ¿quién hace las camas hoy?

On the other hand, he/ she could choose to be more formal and say:
Dígame, ¿quién hace las camas hoy?


OUR TIP

Making a sentence which answers that question should be straightforward, but remember:
  • Make sure that you conjugate your verb correctly
  • Choose between formal or familiar options to suit the occasion -see examples below.

Typical answers could be:
  • Yo hago* las camas hoy (I make the beds today)
  • haces* las camas hoy, ¿no? (you -familiar make the beds today, don't you?)
  • Usted hace* las camas hoy, ¿no? (you -formal make the beds today, don't you?)
  • Pedro hace* las camas hoy (Pedro makes the beds today)
  • María hace* las camas hoy (Maria makes the beds today)
  • Pedro y yo hacemos* las camas hoy (Pedro and I make the beds today)
  • Tú y Pedro hacéis* las camas hoy, ¿no? (you -informal and Pedro make the beds today, don't you?)
  • Usted y Pedro hacen* las camas hoy, ¿no? (you -formal and Pedro make the beds today, don't you?)
  • Pedro y María hacen* las camas hoy (Pedro and Maria make the beds today)

Now you should practise replying to someone who says to you:
Dime, ¿quién hace las camas hoy?

*Please see grammar topic below, Verbs

Verbs

A verb is a 'doing' word which conveys:
  • What action takes place in a sentence
  • Who does that action
  • When that action occurs.
In addition, the verb may also convey the mood or feelings of the speaker toward the action which takes place. The verb may, for example, indicate whether the speaker is stating a fact, expressing a wish or indeed giving an order.

Irregular Verbs
Verb: hacer
The Spanish verb hacer is irregular* in some tenses, as shown in the table below:
Tense
Mood
Regular
Irregular
Present
Indicative

Imperfect
Indicative

Preterite
Indicative

Future
Indicative

Conditional
Indicative

Perfect
Indicative

Pluperfect
Indicative

Future Perfect
Indicative

Conditional Perfect
Indicative

Present
Subjunctive

Imperfect
Subjunctive

Perfect
Subjunctive

Pluperfect
Subjunctive


* NB:
  • Conjugate tenses in the regular column the same as other regular verbs ending in -er
  • The present tense conjugation/ subjunctive mood is shown below

Indicative Mood/ Present Tense - Conjugation
    Verb: hacer
Subject
HACER
(TO DO/ TO MAKE)
I
Yo
HAGO
You
HACES
You
Usted*
HACE
He
Él
She
Ella
We
Nosotros
HACEMOS
You
Vosotros**
HACÉIS
You
Ustedes***
HACEN
They
Ellos
They
Ellas

*NB More courteous/ polite form of 'you'
**NB 'You' plural
*** NB More courteous/ polite form of 'you' plural


Verb Conjugation Notes
It is worth remembering once more that in its basic form (infinitive), a Spanish verb is just a general 'doing' word. In that form, a verb simply indicates an action and nothing else. If we want a verb to be more specific about the action in a sentence, we need to conjugate it. It is only when conjugated that the verb indicates:
  • Who does the action
  • When the action takes place
  • The mood/ attitude of the speaker towards the action

The conjugation tables above refer to using conjugation to establish who does the action. What follows below are some notes on establishing when the action takes place and the mood/ attitude of the speaker towards the action.

Subjunctive Mood
The use of subjunctive mood is disappearing English. Nowadays is often viewed as an old and unfashionable form of the language.

In contrast, the use of subjunctive mood is very much alive and in everyday use in Spanish. This widespread use of subjunctive mood tends to be the bane of many a learner of Spanish from the English speaking world.

The concept of subjunctive mood is perhaps best illustrated by contrasting its use against the use of indicative mood with examples in English. The following are a couple of examples which should serve that purpose:
  • Indicative mood (“Peter eats an apple”).- Indicative mood is commonly used to make statements of facts or positive beliefs such as this one. As can be seen in the sample sentence (in quotes above), the speaker makes a clear and unambiguous statement of a fact (Peter eats an apple).
  • Subjunctive mood (“Peter would eat an apple if he were hungry”).- In contrast with indicative mood, subjunctive mood is commonly used to make statements indicating hypothetical or non-fact actions. As can be seen in the sample sentence (in quotes), in this case the speaker sees the action of eating an apple as something hypothetical, something which may or may not happen (Peter would eat an apple... if he were hungry).
Verb Tenses
Verb tenses relate to setting the time period (when) during which the action of the verb takes place. Basic times (periods) for Spanish verb actions are:
  • The past (before now)
  • The present (now)
  • The future (after now)
Each Spanish verb tense corresponds to one of those basic time periods. In other words choosing a verb tense places the action of the verb in one of those basic periods and determines when the action takes place.


Now you should practise the use of the present tense of the irregular verb hacer with some examples of your own.

Spanish lessons online
Skype/ Google+ Hangout/ Facetime
Great lessons
© Copyright 2017 Love-Spanish.com by Jose M González. All Rights Reserved.

Thursday, 6 April 2017

Tell Me, Was Anybody Likely To Side With Him?

Introduction
Verbo: Dar
Tipo: irregular
Modo: subjuntivo (subjunctive)
Tiempo: pretérito imperfecto (imperfect)

This post is about verb conjugation -the imperfect tense, subjunctive mood of irregular verb dar.


SCENARIO


Imagine you are talking to a relative, a friend or a colleague. You are talking about a common friend Luis, who was in the middle of some controversy in the past. Speculating about the likelihood of people having taken sides with Luis, the other person says to you: "tell me, was anybody likely to side with him?"



In Spanish, the other person could choose to be less formal and say:
Dime, ¿era probable que alguien le diera la razón?

On the other hand, he/ she could choose to be more formal and say:
Dígame, ¿era probable que alguien le diera la razón?


OUR TIP

Making a sentence which answers that question should be straightforward, but remember:
  • Make sure that you conjugate your verb correctly
  • Choose between formal or familiar options to suit the occasion -see examples below.

Typical answers could be:
  • Era probable que yo le diera* la razón (it was likely I would side with him)
  • Era probable que tú le dieras* la razón, ¿no? (it was likely you -familiar would side with him, wasn't it?)
  • Era probable que usted le diera* la razón, ¿no? (it was likely you -formal would side with him, wasn't it?)
  • Era probable que Pedro le diera* la razón (it was likely Pedro would side with him)
  • Era probable que María le diera* la razón (it was likely Maria would side with him)
  • Era probable que Pedro y yo le diéramos* la razón (it was likely Pedro and I would side with him)
  • Era probable que vosotros le dierais* la razón, ¿no? (it was likely you people -familiar/ plural would side with him, wasn't it?)
  • Era probable que ustedes le dieran* la razón, ¿no? (it was likely you people -formal/ plural would side with him, wasn't it?)
  • Era probable que Pedro y María le dieran* la razón (it was likely Pedro and Maria would side with him)

Now you should practise replying to someone who says to you:
Dime, ¿era probable que alguien le diera la razón?

*Please see grammar topic below, Verbs

Verbs
A verb is a 'doing' word which conveys:
  • What action takes place in a sentence
  • Who does that action
  • When that action occurs.
In addition, the verb may also convey the mood or feelings of the speaker toward the action which takes place. The verb may, for example, indicate whether the speaker is stating a fact, expressing a wish or indeed giving an order.


Irregular Verbs
Verb: dar
The Spanish verb dar is irregular* in some tenses, as shown in the table below:
Tense
Mood
Regular
Irregular
Present
Indicative

Imperfect
Indicative

Preterite
Indicative

Future
Indicative

Conditional
Indicative

Perfect
Indicative

Pluperfect
Indicative

Future Perfect
Indicative

Conditional Perfect
Indicative

Present
Subjunctive

Imperfect
Subjunctive

Perfect
Subjunctive

Pluperfect
Subjunctive


* NB:
  • Conjugate tenses in the regular column the same as other regular verbs ending in -er
  • The imperfect tense conjugation/ subjunctive mood is shown below

Subjunctive Mood/ Imperfect Tense - Conjugation
    Verb: dar
Subject
DAR
(TO GIVE)
I
Yo
DIERA
You
DIERAS
You
Usted*
DIERA
He
Él
She
Ella
We
Nosotros
DIÉRAMOS
You
Vosotros**
DIERAIS
You
Ustedes***
DIERAN
They
Ellos
They
Ellas
*NB More courteous/ polite form of 'you'
**NB 'You' plural
*** NB More courteous/ polite form of 'you' plural


Verb Conjugation Notes
It is worth remembering once more that in its basic form (infinitive), a Spanish verb is just a general 'doing' word. In that form, a verb simply indicates an action and nothing else. If we want a verb to be more specific about the action in a sentence, we need to conjugate it. It is only when conjugated that the verb indicates:
  • Who does the action
  • When the action takes place
  • The mood/ attitude of the speaker towards the action

The conjugation tables above refer to using conjugation to establish who does the action. What follows below are some notes on establishing when the action takes place and the mood/ attitude of the speaker towards the action.

Subjunctive Mood
The use of subjunctive mood is disappearing English. Nowadays is often viewed as an old and unfashionable form of the language.

In contrast, the use of subjunctive mood is very much alive and in everyday use in Spanish. This widespread use of subjunctive mood tends to be the bane of many a learner of Spanish from the English speaking world.

The concept of subjunctive mood is perhaps best illustrated by contrasting its use against the use of indicative mood with examples in English. The following are a couple of examples which should serve that purpose:
  • Indicative mood (“Peter eats an apple”).- Indicative mood is commonly used to make statements of facts or positive beliefs such as this one. As can be seen in the sample sentence (in quotes above), the speaker makes a clear and unambiguous statement of a fact (Peter eats an apple).
  • Subjunctive mood (“Peter would eat an apple if he were hungry”).- In contrast with indicative mood, subjunctive mood is commonly used to make statements indicating hypothetical or non-fact actions. As can be seen in the sample sentence (in quotes), in this case the speaker sees the action of eating an apple as something hypothetical, something which may or may not happen (Peter would eat an apple... if he were hungry).
Verb Tenses
Verb tenses relate to setting the time period (when) during which the action of the verb takes place. Basic times (periods) for Spanish verb actions are:
  • The past (before now)
  • The present (now)
  • The future (after now)
Each Spanish verb tense corresponds to one of those basic time periods. In other words choosing a verb tense places the action of the verb in one of those basic periods and determines when the action takes place.


Now you should practise the use of the imperfect tense of the irregular verb dar with some examples of your own.

Spanish lessons online
Skype/ Google+ Hangout/ Facetime
Great lessons
© Copyright 2017 Love-Spanish.com by Jose M González. All Rights Reserved.