Tuesday, 12 May 2015

Ejercicio

Today's word is: "ejercicio" = exercise
In Spanish, “ejercicio” is a masculine noun of Latin origin, which means exercise, and is used as in:
  • Un cuaderno de ejercicios (an exercise notebook );
  • Hacemos ejercicio por la mañana (we work out/ exercise in the morning -physical activity)
  • El título permite el ejercicio de la medicina (the certificate allows you to work as a doctor)
  • No voy a renunciar al ejercicio de mi derecho a elegir (I am not going to give up exercising my right to choose)

In Spanish, the noun “ejercicio” is often used also to refer to an accounting year, and used as in:
  • Se acerca la fecha de cierre del ejercicio contable (the financial year end is getting near)


A related word is “ejército”, a masculine noun meaning army or armed forces, and used as in:
  • Aníbal cruzó los Alpes con su ejército (Hannibal crossed the Alps with his army)


The action word/ verb “ejercitar” is a related word meaning to exercise, to train or to drill, and used as in:
  • Un juego para ejercitar la memoria (a game to exercise one's memory)


Some Spanish expressions with the word “ejercicio” are:
  • Ejercicio contable (accounting year)
    • Se acerca la fecha de cierre del ejercicio contable (the financial year end is getting near)
  • Ejercicio de calentamiento (warm up exercise)
    • Vamos a hacer unos ejercicios de calentamiento (we are going to do some warm up exercises)
  • Ejercicio de estiramiento (stretching exercise)
  • Ejercicio de repetición (repetition exercise/ drill)
  • Ejercicio de sustitución (substitution exercise/ drill)
  • Ejercicio de tiro (rifle/ shooting/ target practice)
  • Ejercicio fiscal (fiscal/ tax year)
  • Ejercicio práctico (practical exercise)
  • Ejercicio presupuestario (budget year)
  • Ejercicios de repaso (revision exercises)
  • Ejercicios de respiración (breathing exercises)
  • Ejercicios espirituales (retreat -for meditation and prayer)
    • Una semana de ejercicios espirituales (a week of retreat for meditation and prayer);
  • Ejercicios para adelgazar (weight losing exercises)
  • Ejercicios preparatorios (preliminary/ warm up exercises)
  • Ejercicios respiratorios (breathing exercises)

Love-Spanish.com loves the word "ejercicio" in the YouTube clip: Ejercicios para adelgazar | Coreografía de salsa

For more on the word "ejercicio", visit: Wordreference.com/es/en/ Ejercicio

*NB 'Click' on the speaker icon next to the word “ejercicio” in the link to hear the word pronounced.

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