Monday, 1 December 2014

Have They Not Caught Up With You Yet?


This post showcases/ highlights a typical use of the verb dar*.


Imagine you are talking to a relative, a friend or a work colleague. You are in some race/ competition, with several people trying to catch up with you.

At some point, the other person says: "have they not caught up with you yet?"

In Spanish, the other person could choose to be less formal and say:
¿No te han dado alcance todavía?

In Spanish, the other person could choose to be more formal and say:
¿No le han dado alcance todavía?


Answering this question should be straightforward. A yes/ no may be sufficient. However, you may use the expression dar alcance to make your answer more informative.

Here are some examples of how you could use that expression:
  • Sí, ya me han dado alcance (yes, they have already caught up with me);
  • No, no me han dado alcance todavía (no, they haven't yet caught up with me);
  • Bueno, están a punto de darme alcance (well, they are on the verge of catching up with me);

Now you should practise answering the question:
¿No te han dado alcance todavía?

*See uses of verb dar below

*Verb Dar - Typical Uses/ Expressions

Dar alcance a To catch up with someone/ something
Dar apuro To cause embarrassment/ to make one feel embarrassed
Dar asco To cause nausea/ to make one feel nauseated
Dar calabazas To reject/ to give the brush off
Dar caña To hurry/ to harry/ to speed up
Dar celos To cause jealousy/ to make one feel jealous
Dar clase de To teach a subject
Dar corte To cause embarrassment/ to make one feel embarrassed
Dar cosa To cause fear/ unease/ discomfort
Dar de alta To discharge/ To give the all clear (medical)
Dar de baja To give leave (medical)
Dar de sí To be elastic/ stretchable
Dar envidia To cause envy/ make one feel envy
Dar ganas de To feel like doing something
Dar lástima To be in a sorry state/ to move someone to feel pity
Dar miedo To cause fear/ to make one feel frightened
Dar pena To cause pity/ sadness
Dar rabia To anger/ to make one mad
Dar vergüenza To cause embarrassment/ to make one feel embarrassed
Darse cita To meet/ to come together
Darse prisa To hurry up
No dar abasto To be overloaded/ To be unable to cope

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