Friday, 28 November 2014

Encanto

Today's WOTD is: "encanto" = charm
In Spanish, “encanto” is a masculine noun of Latin origin, the main meaning of which is charm, as in:
  • Ese lugar tiene un encanto especial (that place has a special charm);

The word “encanto” may also mean charming/ lovely/ a darling/ a sweetheart, as in:
  • María es un encanto de mujer (Maria is a charming/ lovely woman);
  • Eres un encanto (you are a sweetheart);


The word “encantado”/ “encantada” is a related describing word/ adjective meaning very happy/ pleased, as in:
  • Encantado de conocerte (pleased to meet you -male speaking);
  • Encantada de conocerte (pleased to meet you -female speaking);


The word is “encantador”/ “encantadora”, is a describing word/ adjective meaning charming/ lovely, as in:
  • Pedro es una persona encantadora (Pedro is lovely person)

Also related is the adverb “encantar*, the main meaning of which is to love, to please, to charm as in:
  • Me encanta ir a la playa (I love going to the beach)
*NB You may use the verb “encantar” in a similar manner to “gustar” (see practical examples of the use of the verb "gustar”).


Some Spanish expressions with the word “encanto” are:
  • Ser un encanto (to be a darling/ gem);
    • Eres un encanto (you are a darling/ gem);

Love-Spanish.com loves the word "encanto" in the YouTube clip: MIX MICHILALA - EL ENCANTO DE CORAZÓN (VIDEO OFICIAL - DANITZA)

For more on the word "encanto", visit: Wordreference.com/es/en/ Encanto

*NB 'Click' on the speaker icon next to the word “encanto” in the link to hear the word pronounced.

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Thursday, 27 November 2014

It Is Five Minutes To Twelve

SCENARIO



Imagine a relative, a friend or a work colleague is asking you: "what time is it?"

In Spanish, the other person could say:
¿Qué hora es?



Now 'click' on the speaker icon below to listen to the other person's question.









The Time is:

The question above is an invitation for you to say what time it is.



Looking at the clock, you see the time is five minutes to twelve, so in Spanish you should say:


Son las doce menos cinco








Now 'click' on the speaker icon below to listen to the time in Spanish.









Now you should practise answering the question:

¿Qué hora es?

If your system/ device supports it, you may use the widget below to record and listen to your answers.


Powered by Vocaroo


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Wednesday, 26 November 2014

Do You Still Feel Hot?

Introduction


This post showcases/ highlights a typical use of the verb tener*.





SCENARIO



Imagine you are talking to a relative, a friend or a work colleague about altering thermostat of the heating/ air conditioning of the room you are in (in the office/ in your own living room/ etc.).

At some point, the other person says: "do you still feel hot?"

In Spanish, he/she could choose to be less formal and say:
¿Todavía tienes calor?

Alternatively, he/ she could choose to be more formal and say:
¿Todavía tiene usted calor?


OUR TIP

Answering this question should be straightforward. A yes/ no answer may be sufficient. However, you may use the expression tener calor to make your answer more informative.


Here are some examples of how you could use that expression:
  • Sí, todavía tengo calor (yes, still I feel hot);
  • Sí, todavía tengo un poco de calor (yes, still I feel a little bit hot);
  • Sí, todavía tengo mucho calor (yes, I still feel very hot);
  • No, ya no tengo calor (no, I no longer feel hot);

Now you should practise answering the question:
¿Todavía tienes calor?

*See uses of verb tener below

*Verb tener - Typical Uses/ Expressions

Tener calor To feel hot
Tener celos To feel jealousy/ to be jealous
Tener cuidado To be careful
Tener dolor To feel pain/ to have an ache
Tener envidia To feel envy/ to be envious
Tener fiebre To be feverish
Tener frío To feel cold
Tener ganas de algo To look forward to something
Tener hambre To feel hungry
Tener la culpa To be at fault
Tener miedo To feel afraid
Tener pensado To have in mind
Tener prisa To be in hurry
Tener sed To feel thirsty
Tener sueño To feel sleepy
Tener suerte To be lucky
Tener tos To have a cough
Tener xx* años/ meses/ etc. To be xx years/ months/ etc. old
Tenerle rabia a alguien To have it in for someone

*NB Express ages by conjugating tener and replacing xx with a number. For example, I am 18 years old = tengo 18 años.

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Tuesday, 25 November 2014

Facción

Today's WOTD is: "facción" = faction
In Spanish, “facción” is a feminine noun of Latin origin, the main meaning of which is faction, as in:
  • Mucha gente apoya la facción conservadora del partido (many people support the conservative faction of the party);


The noun “facción” is also often used in its plural form, “facciones” to refer to features of the human face, as in:
  • Las facciones marcadas suelen ser atractivas (marked facial features often are attractive);


Here is a YouTube clip with word "facción": La Faccion -Entregate (Official Music Video)

For more on the word "facción", visit: Wordreference.com/es/en/ Facción

*NB 'Click' on the speaker icon next to the word “facción” in the link to hear the word pronounced.

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Monday, 24 November 2014

It Is Ten Minutes To Twelve

SCENARIO



Imagine a relative, a friend or a work colleague is asking you: "what time is it?"

In Spanish, the other person could say:
¿Qué hora es?



Now 'click' on the speaker icon below to listen to the other person's question.









The Time is:

The question above is an invitation for you to say what time it is.



Looking at the clock, you see the time is ten minutes to twelve, so in Spanish you should say:


Son las doce menos diez








Now 'click' on the speaker icon below to listen to the time in Spanish.









Now you should practise answering the question:

¿Qué hora es?

If your system/ device supports it, you may use the widget below to record and listen to your answers.


Powered by Vocaroo


Spanish lessons online
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© Copyright 2014 Love-Spanish.com. by José M González. All Rights Reserved.

Friday, 21 November 2014

What Is The Name Of The Girl Whose Parents Are English?

Introduction


This post is about the use of describing words/ adjectives in general, and more specifically about the use of the masculine/ plural form of relative adjectives.




SCENARIO



Imagine you talking to a friend or a work colleague about a group of people you have met recently. Referring to a girl from that group, the other person says: "what is the name of the girl whose parents are English?".

In Spanish, the other person could choose to say:
¿Cómo se llama la chica cuyos padres son ingleses?


OUR TIP

A simple answer would be just to name the girl. In many cases, that would be sufficient.

However, there are some answers which will require you to pay particular attention to noun-adjective agreement -see grammar notes below*.


Examples of such answers are:
  • La chica cuyos* padres son ingleses se llama Ana (the girl whose parents are English is called Ana);
  • La chica cuyos* padres son ingleses se llama Isabel (the girl whose parents are English is called Isabel);
  • La chica cuyos* padres son ingleses se llama Irene (the girl whose parents are English is called Irene);


Now you should practise answering the question:
¿Cómo se llama la chica cuyos padres son ingleses?

*NB See Grammar below

*Grammar-Adjectives


Gender
Number
Adjective
padre
masculine
singular
cuyo
padres
masculine/
mixed
plural
cuyos
madre
feminine
singular
cuya
madres
feminine
plural
cuyas

Noun-Adjective Agreement

See notes below on Noun-Adjective agreement

Noun-Adjective Agreement
In Spanish describing words/ adjectives have to agree in gender and number with the noun(s) they describe.

Adjectives -Gender
Many Spanish describing words/ adjectives have two forms:
  • A masculine gender form (for example, alto)
  • A similar, but different feminine gender (for example, alta).

A few Spanish describing words/ adjectives have one single form for both masculine and feminine (for example, inteligente).

Every time you use a describing word which has two separate forms (for example, alto/ alta), you need to choose the form which matches the gender (masculine/ feminine) of what you are describing.

Adjectives -Number
In contrast with English, Spanish describing words/ adjectives have also plural* forms. Every time you use a describing word with a plural noun (for example, señoras), you must use the plural form of the corresponding describing word/ adjective (for example, esas).

You should use the masculine/ plural form of a describing word/ adjective when it describes multiple persons/ things of different grammatical genders.

*NB View posts with details about the plural of Spanish words here.

Adjectives -Use
All the practical examples in this post refer to more than one person, padres (parents -mixed gender). Consequently, they require the masculine/ plural form of a describing word/ adjective, for example, cuyos.

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Wednesday, 19 November 2014

Tell Me, Is It Likely To Be You?

Introduction


This post is about verb conjugation -the present tense, subjunctive mood of irregular verb ser.





SCENARIO



Imagine you are talking to a relative, a friend or a colleague about a part in a forthcoming play. Who will be chosen is still undecided and the other person says: "tell me, is it likely to be you?".

In Spanish, the other person could choose to be less formal and say:
Dime, ¿es probable que seas tú?

On the other hand, he/ she could choose to be more formal and say:
Dígame, ¿es probable que sea usted?



OUR TIP

Answering should be straightforward, but remember:




  • Use ser (not estar) in your answer.
  • Make sure that you conjugate your verb correctly
  • Choose between formal or familiar options to suit the occasion -see examples below.

Typical answers could be:
  • Sí, es probable que sea* yo (yes, it its likely to be me);
  • Es más probable que seas* tú, ¿no? (it is more likely to be you -familiar, isn't it?);
  • Es más probable que sea* usted, ¿no? (it is more likely to be you -formal, isn't it?);
  • No, es más probable que sea* Pedro (no, it is more likely to be Pedro);
  • No, es más probable que sea* María (no, it is more likely to be Maria);
  • No, es probable que seamos* todos (it is more likely to be everybody);
  • Es más probable que seáis* vosotros, ¿no? (it is more likely to be you -familiar/ plural, isn't it?);
  • Es más probable que sean* ustedes, ¿no? (it is more likely to be you -formal/ plural, isn't it?);
  • No, es más probable que sean* Pedro y María (no, it is more likely to be Pedro and Maria);

Now you should practise replying to someone who says to you:
Dime, ¿es probable que seas tú?

*Please see grammar topic below, Verbs

Verbs
A verb is a 'doing' word which conveys:
  • What action takes place in a sentence
  • Who does that action
  • When that action occurs.
In addition, the verb may also convey the mood or feelings of the speaker toward the action which takes place. The verb may, for example, indicate whether the speaker is stating a fact, expressing a wish or indeed giving an order.

Irregular Verbs
Verb: ser
The Spanish verb ser is irregular* in some tenses, as shown in the table below:

Tense
Mood
Regular
Irregular
Present
Indicative

Imperfect
Indicative

Preterite
Indicative

Future
Indicative

Conditional
Indicative

Perfect
Indicative

Pluperfect
Indicative

Future Perfect
Indicative

Conditional Perfect
Indicative

Present
Subjunctive

Imperfect
Subjunctive

Perfect
Subjunctive

Pluperfect
Subjunctive


Imperative


* NB:
  • Conjugate tenses in the regular column the same as other regular verbs ending in -er
  • The present tense conjugation/ subjunctive mood is shown below


Subjunctive Mood/ Present Tense - Conjugation
    Verb: ser

Subject
SER
(TO BE)
I
Yo
SEA
You
SEAS
You
Usted*

SEA
He
Él
She
Ella
We
Nosotros
SEAMOS
You
Vosotros**
SEÁIS
You
Ustedes***
SEAN
They
Ellos
They
Ellas

*NB More courteous/ polite form of 'you'
**NB 'You' plural
*** NB More courteous/ polite form of 'you' plural


Verb Conjugation Notes
It is worth remembering once more that in its basic form (infinitive), a Spanish verb is just a general 'doing' word. In that form, a verb simply indicates an action and nothing else. If we want a verb to be more specific about the action in a sentence, we need to conjugate it. It is only when conjugated that the verb indicates:
  • Who does the action
  • When the action takes place
  • The mood/ attitude of the speaker towards the action

The conjugation tables above refer to using conjugation to establish who does the action. What follows below are some notes on establishing when the action takes place and the mood/ attitude of the speaker towards the action.

Subjunctive Mood
The use of subjunctive mood is disappearing English. Nowadays is often viewed as an old and unfashionable form of the language.

In contrast, the use of subjunctive mood is very much alive and in everyday use in Spanish. This widespread use of subjunctive mood tends to be the bane of many a learner of Spanish from the English speaking world.

The concept of subjunctive mood is perhaps best illustrated by contrasting its use against the use of indicative mood with examples in English. The following are a couple of examples which should serve that purpose:
  • Indicative mood (“Peter eats an apple”).- Indicative mood is commonly used to make statements of facts or positive beliefs such as this one. As can be seen in the sample sentence (in quotes above), the speaker makes a clear and unambiguous statement of a fact (Peter eats an apple).
  • Subjunctive mood (“Peter would eat an apple if he were hungry”).- In contrast with indicative mood, subjunctive mood is commonly used to make statements indicating hypothetical or non-fact actions. As can be seen in the sample sentence (in quotes), in this case the speaker sees the action of eating an apple as something hypothetical, something which may or may not happen (Peter would eat an apple... if he were hungry).
Verb Tenses
Verb tenses relate to setting the time period (when) during which the action of the verb takes place. Basic times (periods) for Spanish verb actions are:
  • The past (before now)
  • The present (now)
  • The future (after now)
Each Spanish verb tense corresponds to one of those basic time periods. In other words choosing a verb tense places the action of the verb in one of those basic periods and determines when the action takes place.


Now you should practise the use of the present tense of the irregular verb ser with some examples of your own.

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