Friday, 17 January 2014

Día

Today's WOTD is: "día" = day


1. In Spanish, “día” is a masculine noun of Latin origin which means day.
  • Hoy es un día muy importante (today is a very important day);


2. The noun, “día” is a term also often used to refer to weather conditions in the day.
  • Ayer tuvimos un día despejado (yesterday the sky was clear);


3. The noun, “día” is a term also often used to refer to daytime/ daylight.
  • Apenas era de día (it was hardly daytime -dawn had hardly broken);


4. The noun, “día” is a term also often used to indicate the celebration of a particular saint's day according to the calendar of the saints*.
  • El día de San Juan (St John's day/ the day on which the feast of St. John is celebrated);

*NB Traditional Christian calendar which associates one or more saints to each day of the year.


5. The plural form "días" may also be used to refer life.
  • Al fin de sus días (at the end of his/ her life);


6. The days of the week in Spanish are:
Day
Día*
Monday lunes
Tuesday martes
Wednesday miércoles
Thursday jueves
Friday viernes
Saturday sábado
Sunday domingo

*NB Please note that, normally, the days of the day are not capitalised in Spanish.


7. Some expressions with the word “día” are:
  • A día de hoy (as of today/ at present);
    • A día de hoy todavía no sabemos nada (as of today we still no nothing);
  • A plena luz del día (in broad daylight);
    • Nos robaron a plena luz del día (we were robbed in broad daylight);
  • A los pocos días (a few days later/ within a few days);
    • A los pocos días me llegó esta carta (within a few days I received this letter)
  • Al abrir el día (at dawn);
  • Al día (up-to-date/ current);
    • Tenemos todos los pagos al día (we have all payments up-to-date);
  • Al día siguiente (the next day/ the following day);
    • Al día siguiente volvimos a casa (the following day we returned home);
  • Al final del día (at the end of the day);
    • Al final del día volvimos a casa (at the end of day we returned home);
  • Al otro día (the next day/ the following day);
    • Al otro día volvimos a casa (the following day we returned home);
  • Algún día (some day/ some time);
    • Algún día lo haré (some day I will do it);
  • Animar el día (to make someone's day/ to brighten someone's day);
    • Vienes a animarme el día, ¿verdad? (you are here to make my day, aren't you?);
  • Aprovechar el día (to make the most of the day);
    • Ya que estamos aquí, vamos a aprovechar el día (now that we are here, we are going to make the most of the day);
  • Aquel día (that day);
    • Fue un día del mes de abril. Aún recuerdo aquel día (it was a day in April. I still remember that day);
  • Buen día (good day/ good morning);
    • Creo que hoy va hacer un buen día (I think today the weather is going to be fine);
    • ¡Buen día! ¿Qué va a tomar? (good morning, what will you have?);
  • Buenos días (good morning -greeting)
  • Cada día (each day/ every day);
    • Cada día que pasa me preocupo más (with each passing day I get more worried);
  • Cada día más (more each day/ everyday more);
    • Me gusta cada día más estudiar español (I like studying Spanish more everyday);
  • Casi cada día (almost every day);
    • Casi cada día ocurre algo nuevo (almost every passing day something new happens);
  • Cierto día (on a certain day);
    • Cierto día, llegó a la ciudad un forastero (on a certain day, a foreigner came to town);
  • Cada tercer día (every other day/ on alternate days);
    • Suelo ir a ver a mis padres cada tercer día (I usually go to visit my parents every other day);
  • Cualquier día (any day/ any time);
  • ¿Cuando nos has de dar un buen día? (when are we going to get the happy news that you are getting married)*
  • Dar los buenos días (to say good morning/ to greet someone in the morning);
    • Me encontré con Pedro y le di los buenos días (I met and greeted Pedro);
  • De un día para otro (overnight/ suddenly);
    • A menudo, las condiciones cambian de un día para otro (often the conditions change suddenly);
  • Del día (fresh);
    • Pan del día (fresh bread);
  • Día astronómico (astronomical day);
  • Día civil (civil day);
  • Día de Año Nuevo (New Year's Day);
  • Día de años (birthday);
  • Día de ayuno (fasting and abstinence day);
  • Día de boda (wedding day);
  • Día de campo (a day in the countryside);
  • Día de carne (non-fast day);
  • Día de Ceniza (Ash Wednesday);
  • Día de descanso (leisure day/ holiday);
  • Día de diario (weekday);
  • Día de entresemana (weekday);
  • Día de Dios (God's Day/ day of Corpus Christi);
  • Día de fiesta (holiday);
  • Día de gala (special occasion/ gala day);
  • Día de guardar (holy day of obligation);
  • Día de hacienda (working day);
  • Día de huelga (non-working day/ strike action day/ labour strike day);
  • Día de la Hispanidad (Columbus day 12th October);
  • Día de la Madre (Mother's day);
  • Día de la Mujer (Women's day);
  • Día de la Raza (Columbus day 12th October);
  • Día de los Difuntos (Day of the dead/ All Souls day -2nd of November);
  • Día de los enamorados (St. Valentine Day -14th of February);
  • Día de los Finados (Day of the dead/ All Souls day -2nd of November);
  • Día de los Muertos (Day of the dead/ All Souls day);
  • Día de los Santos Inocentes (Childermas/ Innocents' Day/ Feast of the Holy Innocents -28th of December);
  • Día de perros (a very bad/ terrible day);
  • Día de pescado (fast day);
  • Día de playa (a day on the beach);
  • Día de precepto (holy day of obligation);
  • Día de Ramos (Palm Sunday);
  • Día de Reyes (Feast of the Epiphany/ Twelfth Day of Christmas -6th of January);
    • Los chavales abren los regalos el día de Reyes (children open their presents on the feast of the Epiphany);
  • Día de Todos los Santos (All Saints Day);
  • Día de trabajo (working day);
  • Día de tribunales (court day/ working day);
  • Día de viernes (fast day);
  • Día de vigilia (fast day);
  • Día del Juicio (Judgement Day);
  • Día del Juicio Final (Last/ Final Judgement Day);
  • Día del Padre (Father's day);
  • Día del Señor (God's Day/ feast of Corpus Christi);
  • Día festivo (holiday);
  • Día hábil (court day/ working day);
  • Día intercalar (leap day -29th of February);
  • Día jurídico (court day/ working day);
  • Día laborable (working day);
  • Día lectivo (school/ teaching/ lecture day);
  • Día natural (calendar day);
  • Día pesado (day of heavy/ stormy atmosphere);
  • Día puente (a day in between two holidays);
  • Día santo (feast day/ holiday);
  • Día útil (working day/ business day);
  • Día y noche (night and day/ non-stop);
  • El día a día (the day to day life/ daily activities);
    • Intentamos alegrar el día a día (we are trying to make our day to day life/ daily activities more fun);
  • El día de hoy (nowadays);
  • El día de mañana (in the future);
  • El día menos pensado (one of these days/ when least expected -in the future);
    • El día menos pensado me voy a Londres (one of these days I am going to go to London);
  • El otro día (the other day/ a few days ago);
  • El pan de cada día (daily bread/ routine/ chore);
    • La limpieza es el pan de cada día (housework is a daily chore);
  • En su día (at the right time/ at a suitable point in time);
    • En su día se pagó lo que se debía (what was owed was paid at an appropriate point in time);
  • Estar a la orden del día (to be quite frequent/ fashionable/ almost the most natural thing);
    • Por algunas partes, el fraude está a la orden del día (in some places, fraud is commonplace/ almost the most natural thing);
  • Estos días (these days)
    • Estos días he estado descansando un poco (these last few days I have been relaxing a little);
  • Hace días (it is days/ it happened a long time ago);
    • Hace días que no veo a tu hermana (it is days since I last saw your sister);
  • Hace un día/ dos días** (it is a day ago/ two days ago);
    • Hace dos días que no veo a tu hermana (it is two days since I last saw your sister);
  • Hoy día (nowadays);
  • Hoy en día (nowadays);
  • Mañana será otro día (tomorrow will be another day/ lets leave things as they are for the time being);
  • Más días hay que longanizas (no need to hurry -the task at hand can be put aside for tomorrow);
  • Menú del día (daytime menu);
    • El menú del día está muy bien (the day menu is very good)
  • Otro día más (yet another day/ once more);
    • Aquí estamos otro día más (here we are once more);
  • No pasar los días por alguien (not to age/ to remain young looking/ to look great);
    • Parece que no pasan por ti los días (you look great);
  • Plato del día (dish of the day);
  • Tener días (to be old);
  • Tener los días contados (to be at the end of life);
  • Todo el santo día (all day -non stop);
    • Llevamos todo el santo día esperando (we have been waiting all day);
  • Todos los días (every day);
  • Un buen día (one of these days/ when least expected -in the future);
    • Un buen día me voy a Londres (one of these days I am going to go to London);
  • Un día de (a day of);
    • Una día de descanso (a day of rest);
    • Una día de vacaciones (a day of holidays/ vacation);
  • Un día es un día (a special occasion);
    • Esto hay que celebrarlo, un día es un día (this merits a celebration, it is a special occasion);
  • Un día sí y otro no (every other day/ on alternate days);
    • Suelo ir a ver a mis padres un día sí y otro no (I usually go to visit my parents every other day);
  • Un día sí y otro también (every day);
    • Suelo ir a ver a mis padres un día sí y otro también (I usually go to visit my parents everyday);
  • Una vez/ dos veces*** al día (once/ twice a day);
  • Un par de días (a couple of days);
  • ¡Vaya día! (what a day!);
  • Volver otro día (to come back another day);
  • Vivir al día (to live hand to mouth/ to have no savings);

*NB Usually said to someone you wish was getting married
**NB Replace “dos” with another number to indicate a different number of days. For example “hace tres días que no veo a tu hermana” (it is three days since I last saw your sister).
***NB Replace “dos” with another number to indicate a different frequency. For example “tres veces al día” (thrice a day).


Love-Spanish.com loves the word "día" in the YouTube clip: Shakira -Dia de Enero

For more on the word "día", visit: Wordreference.com/es/en/ Día*

*NB 'Click' on the speaker icon next to the word “día” in the link to hear the word pronounced.

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