Tuesday, 29 January 2013

Gripe


Today's WOTD is: "gripe"* = flu/ influenza
Image source: Google images


In Spanish, “gripe” is a feminine noun of French origin, which means flu/ influenza.



*NB In some parts of the Spanish-speaking world, the noun “gripa” is used instead.


Some commonly used expression with the word “gripe”are:
  • Coger** la gripe (to catch the flu/ go down with the flu/ influenza);
  • Darele a alguien la gripe (to catch the flu/ go down with the flu/ influenza);
  • Estar con gripe (to have the flu/ to be down with the flu);
  • Contagio de la gripe (flu infection/ contagion);
  • Gripe aviar (bird flu);
  • Gripe común (common/ ordinary flu);
  • Gripe pandémica (pandemic flu);
  • Gripe porcina (swine flu);
  • Inmunización contra la gripe (flu/ influenza immunisation/ vaccination)
  • Malestar de la gripe (flu like feeling of discomfort/ body aching);
  • Pandemia de gripe (flu pandemic);
  • Pasársele a alguien la gripe (to have recovered from/ to be over the flu);
  • Pescar la gripe (to catch the flu/ go down with the flu/ influenza- colloquial);
  • Pillar la gripe (to catch the flu/ go down with the flu/ influenza - colloquial);
  • Tener gripe (to have the flu/ influenza);
  • Tener la gripe (to have the flu/ influenza);
  • Tener síntomas de la gripe (to have the flu/ influenza symptoms);
  • Vacuna contra la gripe (flu/ influenza immunisation/ vaccination);

**NB In some specific countries in Latin America, "coger" (action word/ verb) has a sexual connotation. That localisation does not extend to the whole of Latin America nor Spain, where "coger" is widely used. If in doubt, you should use alternative expressions.

Some examples of the use of the word "gripe" are:
  • ¿Qué se puede hacer para no coger la gripe? (what can be done to avoid going down with the flu?);
  • Me parece que me va a dar la gripe (I feel I am going down with the flu);
  • ¿Como se puede prevenir el contagio de la gripe? (how can flu infection/ contagion be avoided?);
  • Estoy con gripe desde hace unos días (I have been down with the flu for a few days);
  • La gripe aviar es una enfermedad infeccciosa (bird flu is an infectious disease);
  • La gripe común es una enfermedad infecciosa (common flu is an infectious disease);
  • La gripe pandémica es rara (pandemic flu is rare);
  • La gripe porcina es una enfermedad infecciosa (swine flu is an infectious disease);
  • ¿Cómo se puede aliviar el malestar de la gripe? (how can the flue like feelings of discomfort be relieved?);
  • De momento no se espera una pandemia de gripe (at present, a flu pandemic is not expected);
  • ¿Todavía no se te ha pasado la gripe? (have you recovered from the flu yet?);
  • ¿Qué se puede hacer para no pescar la gripe? (what can be done to avoid going down with the flu?);
  • ¿Qué se puede hacer para no pillar la gripe? (what can be done to avoid going down with the flu?);
  • Tengo gripe desde hace unos días (I have have had the flu for a few days);
  • Tengo la gripe desde hace unos días (I have have had the flu for a few days);
  • Tengo síntomas de gripe desde hace unos días (I have have had flu symptoms for a few days);
  • Ha comenzado la campaña de inmunización contra la gripe (the flu immunisation campaign has began);
  • En el mundo hacen falta miles de millones de dosis de vacuna contra la gripe al año (thousands of millions of flu vaccine doses are required in the world per annun);


Love-Spanish.com loves the word "gripe" in the YouTube clip: La gripe Trío Pambil

For more on the word "gripe", visit: Wordreference.com/es/en/ Gripe*

*NB 'Click' on the speaker icon next to the word “gripe” in the link to hear the word pronounced.

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