Friday, 3 August 2012

Tell Me, Is That Train About To Leave?


SCENARIO
Imagine you are with a relative, a friend or a colleague. Maybe you are at a railway station. Looking at a train and being unsure about when that train is due to depart, the other person says to you something like: "tell me, is that train about to leave?".

In Spanish, he/ she could choose to be less formal and say to you:
Dime, ¿ese tren está para salir?

On the other hand, he/ she could choose to be more formal and say to you:
Dígame, ¿ese tren está para salir?


OUR TIP
The question is an invitation for you to say if the train is due to depart soon. When you talk about the train's departure time, you DO NOT need to be concerned about the level of formality in the other person's question. Your main concern should be about communicating what you know about the train's departure time. Perhaps what you want to say is that:
  • The train is due to depart at a specific time;
  • The train is due to depart after a specific period of time;
  • The train is due to depart after an unspecific period of time;
  • You don't know if the train is about to leave;


Here are some examples of what you could say:
  • Ese tren tiene la salida a las dos y cinco de la tarde (that train is due to depart at 2:05PM);
  • Ese tren está para salir dentro de cinco minutos* (that train is due to depart in five minutes);
  • Ese tren está para salir dentro de poco* (that train is due to depart shortly);
  • No sé si ese tren está para salir (I don't know if that train is about to depart);

Now you should practise further the use of “para” by replying to someone who says to you:
Dime, ¿ese tren está para salir?

*Please see grammar below

Grammar-”PARA”
The use of “para” and “por” often causes some confusion amongst learners of Spanish. This blog posts deals with the uses of “para”. A separate series of blog posts is dedicated to the uses of “por”.

In this post we look at a number of situations in which “para” is commonly used. “Para” is commonly used in the following cases:

    1. Objective
In Spanish, “para” is often used before an infinitive used to express the objective of the action of a verb. In such cases, the meaning of “para” is something like “in order to... “.

For example:
  • Estudio español para poder hablarlo (I study Spanish in order to be able to speak it);
  • Tienes que comer menos para adelgazar (you have to eat less in order to loose weight);
  • Pedro va al gimnasio para mantenerse en forma (Pedro goes to the gym in order to keep fit);


    2. Purpose
In Spanish, “para” is often used with verbs such as “ser”/ “estar” to express the purpose of something.

For example:
  • Este lápiz es para escribir (this pencil is for writing);
  • Estamos para ayudar (we are here to help);
  • La copa es para el vino (the glass is for the wine);


    3. Direction/ Destination
In Spanish, “para” is often used with verbs such as “ir”/ “venir”/ “salir” and similar verbs and before the name of a place. In such cases, “para” means something like “towards“/ “for” and identifies a direction or destination.

For example:
  • El autobús va para Madrid (the bus is going to/ towards Madrid);
  • ¿Venís para Barcelona? (are you coming to Barcelona?);
  • Pedro salió para Vigo (Pedro departed for Vigo);


4. Intended Recipient
In Spanish, “para” is often before the name of a person or object to indicate the intended recipient of something. In such cases, “para” means something like “for“.

For example:
  • El regalo es para mi madre (the present is for my mother);
  • ¿Compraste ese libro para Pedro? (did you buy that book for Pedro?);
  • Antonio me dio una camisa para ti (Antonio gave me a shirt for you);

5. Deadline
In Spanish, “para” is often used before a time expression to indicate a deadline for some action. In such cases, “para” means something like “for“/ “by”.

For example:
  • Los deberes de español son para mañana (my Spanish homework is due tomorrow);
  • Entregaré este trabajo para el viernes (I will hand in this work by Friday);
  • Pagaré la matrícula para el día quince (I will pay the registration fee by the 15th);

6. Contrasting
In Spanish, “para” is often used to contrast some characteristic of an individual against the same characteristic of a group the individual belongs to. In such cases the meaning of “para” is something like “for“/ “compared with others... “.

For example:
  • Para un perro Pluto no ladra nada (for a dog Pluto does not bark at all);
  • Para tu edad te ves muy bien (for your age you look really well);
  • Para esa marca vuestro coche está muy bien (for that make, your car is very nice);


7. Readiness/ Disposition
In Spanish, “para” is often used with verb “estar” and followed by an infinitive to express an action which is about to occur. In this case, “estar para” means something like “to be just about to...

For example:
  • Estámos para subir al avión (we are about to board the plane);
  • Estuve para quedarme en casa (I was just about to stay at home);
  • Estoy para salir de un momento a otro (I am just about to leave);


8. Duration
In Spanish, “para” is often used with verb “tener” and followed by the name of period of time to express what is remaining of an activity.

For example:
  • En este proyecto tenemos para un mes (this project will take us a month/ we have a month left to finish it);
  • Pedro tiene para rato* (Pedro is expected to remain where he is for a while);
  • Con esta lección de español tengo para un par de días (this Spanish lesson will take me a couple of days/ I should have finished it in a couple of days);

*NB Please note idiom “tener para rato

    9. Idiomatic Expressions
Para” is used in many idiomatic expressions, such as:

  • Para eso... (for that...)*
    • Example: ¿Para eso quieres que vaya? (you want me to go just for that?);
  • ¿Para qué... ? (what for... ?)
    • Example: ¿Para qué estudias español? (what are you studying Spanish for?);
  • Para qué... (so that...)
    • Example: Estudio españal para que mis amigos españoles me puedan entender (I study Spanish so that my Spanish friends can understand me);

*NB Often used to pour scorn on something/ to indicate that something is not worth the bother.

Now you should practice the uses of “para” with some examples of your own.


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