Imagine you are talking to a relative, a friend or a colleague. Maybe you are both looking at something with a relatively high price. The other person seems unsure about the price and says to you something like: "tell me, is that bike priced at US$15,000?".
In Spanish, he/ she could choose to be less formal and say to you:
Dime, ¿esa moto vale quince mil dólares?
On the other hand, he/ she could choose to be more formal and say to you:
Dígame, ¿esa moto vale quince mil dólares?
The question is an invitation for you to state the price something. When you state the price of something, you DO NOT need to be concerned about the level of formality in the other person's question. Your main concern should be about communicating the price of the item in question. Perhaps you want to say that the price of item in question is:
- The amount indicated in the question;
- An amount greater than the amount in the question;
- An amount smaller than the amount in the question;
Here are some examples of what you could say about the price of the item in question:
- Sí, esa moto vale quince mil dólares (yes, that bike is priced at US$15,000);
- No, esa moto vale más de quince mil dólares (no, that bike is priced at more than US$15,000);
- No, esa moto vale menos de quince mil dólares (no, that bike is priced at less than US$15,000);
Now you should practice replying to someone who says to you:
Dime, ¿esa moto vale quince mil dólares?
*Please see grammar below → Thousands
Grammar-Hundreds/ Thousands/ Millions
When dealing with numbers in Spanish, please be aware of the following:
The Spanish term “ciento” corresponds to the English hundred. Please note the following peculiarities of the term “ciento”:
- The term “ciento” is used in all “hundreds” numbers, with the exception of “one hundred” (see below). Some examples of these are:
- Ciento uno (one hundred and one);
- Ciento* veinte kilómetros por hora (120 kilometres per hour);
- Ciento* veinte personas (120 persons/ people);
- Trescientos** (three hundred);
- Doscientos** kilómetros (200 kilometres);
- Tres mil setecientas*** personas (3700 people);
*NB The masculine singular form “ciento” is used for numbers in the range 101 → 199, regardless of the gender of the noun they refer to.
**NB The plural form “cientos” must be used for numbers in the range 200 → 900.
***NB The feminine plural form ending in -as must be used for numbers in the range 200 → 900 when used with feminine nouns (see example above).
- The term “ciento” is changed to “cien” when meaning the literally “one hundred”. The term “cien” is also used in all the numbers which include the term “one hundred” in them. Some examples of these are:
- Cien (one hundred);
- Cien kilómetros (100 kilometres);
- Tres mil cien personas (3100 persons/ people);
The Spanish “mil” corresponds to the English thousand. Please note the following about the term “mil”:
- The term “mil” means “one thousand”* and is used as such in all expressions which include “one thousand”. The term “mil” is used with both masculine and feminine nouns. Some examples of these are:
- Mil (one thousand);
- Mil novecientos veinte (1920**)
- Mil kilómetros (1000 kilometres);
- Tres mil cien personas (3100** persons/ people);
*NB The “one” is omitted in Spanish (see example above).
**NB The English expressions “eleven hundred”, twelve hundred”, etc. should not be translated into Spanish, where the standard “mil cien”, “mil doscientos”, etc. should be used instead.
The Spanish term “millón” corresponds to the English million. Please note the following about the term “millón”:
- The plural form “millones” must be used for more than one million. The term/ preposition de must be placed between “millon”/ “millones” and the noun it refers to. See examples below:
- Un millón (one/ a million);
- Un millón de habitantes (one/ a million inhabitants);
- Dos millones de kilómetros (2,000,000 kilometres);
- Tres millones de personas (3,000,000 people);
Now you should practise using “hundreds”, “thousands” and “millions” with some examples of your own.
This is another Free online Spanish lesson from Love-Spanish.com. We conduct Spanish lessons online on a wide range of topics using the latest video conferencing facilities. Online lessons are the ideal way to improve listening and speaking skills. For more details on our lessons online and how to book them, please visit:
For more Free Spanish:
Follow us on:
Facebook: Facebook.com/ Love.Spanish
© Copyright 2012 Love-Spanish.com. by Jose M González. All Rights Reserved.